IN the synthesis of sodium carbonate, the recovery of ammonia is done by treating NH4Cl with Ca(OH)2 The by product obtained in this process is
(a) CaCl2 (b) NaCl (c) NaOH (d) NaHCO3
Answer: (a) CaCl2
Sodium carbonate is synthesised by Solvay ammonia soda process.
The reactions involved are
NH3+H2O+CO2⟶NH4HCO3Ammonium bicarbonateNaCl+NH4HCO3⟶NaHCO3SOdium bicarbonatre↓+NH4Cl2NaHCO3△−→Na2CO3Sodium carbonate+H2O+CO2
NH3 is recovered from NH4HCO3 and NH4 Cl formed during the reaction.
NH4HCO3Heat−−−→NH3+H2O+CO22NH4ClAmmonium chloride+Ca(OH)2⟶2NH3Ammonia+CaCl2Celcium chloride+2H2O