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Question

Lamarckism talks about


Correct Answer
A
Inheritance of acquired characteristics
Correct Answer
B
Use and disuse of body parts or organs
Your Answer
C
Origin of species by natural selection
Your Answer
D
Survival of the fittest

Solution

The correct options are
A Inheritance of acquired characteristics
B Use and disuse of body parts or organs

Lamarckism is also known as ‘Theory of use and disuse’ because Lamarck suggested that changing environments lead to changes in the use or disuse of a body part/organ. These changes would be inherited by the offspring. He explained this theory using the example of giraffes, which were originally short-necked animals, but through continuous attempts to reach out to higher trees for leaves to eat, kept exerting pressure on their necks. Over generations, the length of the neck kept increasing, eventually resulting in the present day long-necked giraffes.

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