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Question

Lyophilic colloidal sols are much more stable than lyophobic colloidal sols. This is due to the extensive solvation of lyophilic colloidal sols, which form a protective layer outside it which prevents it from forming associated colloids. Lyophilic colloidal sols also protect lyophobic colloidal sols from precipitation by the action of electrolytes. This is due to the formation of a protective layer by the lyophilic sols outside lyophobic sols. Lyophilic sols are also called protective sols.

Gelatin (lyophilic) protects gold sol (lyophobic) from coagulation on the addition of a solution of sodium chloride. The protective powers of different colloidal sols are measured in terms of gold number.

Gold number is defined as the amount of protective sol in milligrams that prevents the coagulation of 10 mL of a given gold sol on adding 1 mL of a 10% solution of sodium chloride. Thus, the smaller the gold number of a lyophilic sol, the greater is the protective power.

The coagulation of 100 mL of colloidal solution of gold is completely prevented by the addition of 0.25 g of a substance “X” to it before the addition of 1 mL of 10% NaCl solution. The gold number of “X” is

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Solution

The correct option is **B** 25

10 mL of 10% NaCl solution is added to 100 mL of solution of gold.

Thus, 1 mL of 10% NaCl solution has been added to 10 mL solution of gold.

100 mL gold solution requires 0.25 g of X

=0.25×103 mg of X

10 mL gold solution requires, =0.25×103100×10=25 mg of X

The gold number of X is 25

10 mL of 10% NaCl solution is added to 100 mL of solution of gold.

Thus, 1 mL of 10% NaCl solution has been added to 10 mL solution of gold.

100 mL gold solution requires 0.25 g of X

=0.25×103 mg of X

10 mL gold solution requires, =0.25×103100×10=25 mg of X

The gold number of X is 25

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