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Question

Match column I with column II and choose the correct option.

Column I Column II
1. Cyclosporin A a. Removes oily stains
2. Lipase b. Removes blood clots
3. Streptokinase c. Clarify fruit juice
4. Statins d. Immunosuppressive agent
5. Pectinases and proteases e. Lower blood cholesterol

A
1 - a, 2 - e, 3 - d, 4 - c, 5 - b
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B
1 - b, 2 - a, 3 - e, 4 - c, 5 - d
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C
1 - d, 2 - e, 3 - a, 4 - c, 5 - b
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D
1 - d, 2 - a, 3 - b, 4 - e, 5 - c
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Solution

The correct option is D 1 - d, 2 - a, 3 - b, 4 - e, 5 - c
Cyclosporin A is a bioactive molecule produced by the fungus Trichoderma polysporum. It is used as an immunosuppressive agent and is administered to people who have undergone organ transplantation.

Lipase enzyme is produced on an industrial scale which is used in detergent formulation. The enzyme breaks down oily stains on clothes. Surfactants in the detergent, then, attach to the remnants of the stain and remove it completely.

Streptokinase is obtained from the bacterium Streptococcus. It is modified by genetic engineering and is used as a clot buster that helps to dissolve clots in the blood vessels. Clots present in the bloodstream can fatally affect the heart and the brain. Clot buster drugs are thrombolytic agents that are used to remove clots.

Statins are produced by the yeast Monascus purpureus. They act to lower blood-cholesterol levels by competitively inhibiting the enzyme which is essential for cholesterol synthesis.

The bottled fruit juices purchased from the market are treated with enzymes such as pectinases and proteases to break the cell wall components of the fruits and increase the yield i.e., the juice extracted from each fruit and also make the juice appear clearer.
Column I Column II
1. Cyclosporin A d.Immunosuppressive agent
2. Lipase a. Removes oily stains
3. Streptokinase b. Removes blood clots
4. Statins e. Lower blood cholesterol
5. Pectinases and proteases c. Clarify fruit juice

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