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Question

Match the following
Column IColumn IIa. Algal fungi(i) Zygomycetesb. Conjugation fungi(ii) Ascomycetesc. Club fungi(iii) Basidiomycetesd. Sac fungi(iv) Phycomycetes
  1. a(ii), b(iii), c(iv), d(i)
  2. a(iv), b(i), c(iii), d(ii)
  3. a(iii), b(ii), c(i), d(iv)
  4. a(i), b(iv), c(ii), d(iii)


Solution

The correct option is B a(iv), b(i), c(iii), d(ii)
The major groups of fungi are:

i) Phycomycetes: They are also called algal fungi and contain cellulose in their cell walls. E.g. Phytophthora infestans (responsible for Irish potato famine of 1845)

ii) Zygomycetes: They are also called conjugation fungi. They reproduce by the process of conjugation, which results in the formation of zygosopores. E.g. Bread mould

iii) Ascomycetes: They are also called sac fungi, they form sac-like structures called asci for reproduction. E.g. yeast

iv) Basidiomycetes: They are also called club fungi, as they form club-like structures called basidia for reproduction. E.g. mushrooms

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