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Movement of solvent into the cell, through a semipermeable membrane, is known as 


Solution

Osmosis is a process by which solvent molecules tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one that tends to equalize the solute concentrations on the two sides. Osmotic pressure is defined as the external pressure required to be applied so that there is no net movement of solvent across the membrane. When a cell is submerged in water, the water molecules pass through the cell membrane from an area of low solute concentration to high solute concentration. For example, if the cell is submerged in salt water, water molecules move out of the cell. If a cell is submerged in freshwater water molecules move into the cell. 

Biology

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