Top 10 Medicinal Plants and their Uses (That you can Grow at Home)
1. Growing and Using Californian Poppy
California poppy is remarkably drought tolerant and quickly spreads and makes themselves at home. The plant is easy to establish by seed, and thrives in full sun locations with highly fertile but well-drained soil.
The Californian Poppy is related to the opium poppy but it is much more gentle. It is one of the best natural nervous system relaxers, sedatives and pain relievers around.
You can buy extract already made here.
2. Growing and Using Catnip
Catnip is a member of the mint family. There are over 100 varieties of catnip, but the most common one has gray-green heart-shaped leaves and hairy stems.
When taken as a tea, catnip can help ease a chronic cough or help you fall asleep.
Catnip grows well from seed in small pots on your patio or in your herb garden. It is a native to much of Europe, and is also known as catmint, catswort, field balm, catrup, catnep and cat’s-play.
3. Growing and Using Chamomile
There are two kinds of chamomile.Roman chamomile(Chamaemelum nobile) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita). The Roman variety is the true chamomile but German chamomile is used herbally in the same way.
Chamomile grows best in cool conditions and should be planted in part shade, but will also grow full sun. You can grow from either seed or from splitting existing plants.
The flowers are used in a soothing tea.
4. Growing and Using Dandelion
This common weed is a great digestive tonic as well as bladder curative. It helps stimulate the kidneys to increase urine production, which helps flush out your urinary tract.
Eating the leaves or making tea with the flowers or roots are the most common ways to use dandelion.
If you choose to harvest wild dandelion, check that isn’t from the side of the road or anywhere that may have been sprayed or polluted.
5. Growing and Using Dill
Dill grows up to 40–60 centimeters (16–24 inches), with slender, hollow stems that alternate and finely divided, very soft, delicate leaves. It likes full sun, in well draining soil and will re-seed readily. Dill is closely related to fennel.
It is often used as a flavor in meals or while preserving pickles. The seeds are stronger in both flavor and beneficial oils.
Tea can be made with either the seeds or the leaves to help aide digestion and soothe indigestion.
6. Growing and Using Echinacea
This gorgeous purple flower is a well-known immune booster that is commonly taken when sick. Coupled with other herbs, such as the antimicrobial goldenseal, echinacea is an immune powerhouse.
Echinacea is also known as Coneflower and you may find it in central and eastern North America.
It is a drought resistant perennial, so you can find it in scattered patches in rich prairies or sandy soils. It is able to reach a height of 2 to 5 feet (60 to 150 cm) and it grows best in full sun. Buy seed here.
7. Growing and Using Feverfew
Historically feverfew was used as a medicinal herb to reduce and eliminate fevers by encouraging sweating.
More recently feverfew is more popular these days after research found that when taken daily it reduces the frequency and severity of vascular migraines.
Feverfew is easy to grow from seed or from division of existing plants. You can eat the bitter leaves in salads or sandwiches or make a tea from the flowers.
8. Growing and Using Garlic
Garlic grows well in well draining, rich soil. Plant it in late fall or early Winter and harvest in Summer as the tops are going yellow and drying off. For more on growing garlic read here.
Garlic can be used liberally in the diet both raw and cooked. It is a natural antibiotic and antiseptic, especially effective in treating infections of the digestive and respiratory systems.
Garlic directly destroys harmful bacteria, fungi and viruses and at the same time it enhances the body’s natural immune defenses.
9. Growing and Using Peppermint
You can grow peppermint from seeds or buy seedlings from the store. It also readily grows by dividing an existing plant.
Mint will spread and take over your garden, so it is best grown in it’s own space or in a pot that has been sunk into the ground.
Peppermint is great as a mood and energy booster, it encourages good circulation and it acts as an anti nausea and treats indigestion.
10. Growing and Using Yarrow
Yarrow grows like a weed around here. It’s little flowers can be anything from white, red, yellow and pink and anything in between. The flower colour has no effect on the medicinal properties