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Question

Number of C–H and C–C single bonds respectively in structure given below are-


A

4, 10

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B

10, 4

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C

10, 7

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D

7, 10

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Solution

The correct option is B

10, 4


Carbon has a valency of 4.
If a single bond is formed by a carbon atom with a carbon atom, then 3 remaining valency are occupied by hydrogen atoms. So it will have 3 C-H bonds.
If three single bonds are formed by a carbon atom with three other carbon atom, then 1 remaining valency are occupied by hydrogen atoms. So it will have 1 C-H bonds.
If a single and a triple bond is formed by a carbon atom with two other carbon atoms, then its outermost shell is completely filled. So it will have 0 C-H bonds.​​​​​​​
therefore, number of C–H and C–C single bonds respectively in structure are 10 and 4.


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