  Question

Prove that $$\sqrt{5}$$ is irrational.

Solution

Let root $$\sqrt{5}$$ be rational.Then it must in the form of $$\dfrac{p}{q}$$ [$$q$$ is not equal to $$0$$ and $$p, q$$ are co-prime].Hence, $$\sqrt {5}=\dfrac{p}{q}$$$$\implies\sqrt {5} q = p$$.Squaring on both sides,$$\implies 5q^2 = p^2$$  ------ (1)$$\implies q^2=\dfrac{p^2}{5}$$.Therefore, $$p^2$$ is divisible by $$5$$and $$p$$ is divisible by $$5$$. ------{If $$p$$ is a prime no. and $$p$$ divides $$a^2$$, then $$p$$ divides $$a$$ also, where $$a$$ is a positive integer}Then, $$p = 5c$$  [$$c$$ is a positive integer].Squaring on both sides,$$\implies p^2 = 25c^2$$  --------- (2)Now, substitute for $$p^2$$ in (1),we get, $$5q^2 = 25c^2$$$$\implies q^2 = 5c^2$$.Therefore, $$q^2$$ is divisible by $$5$$and $$q$$ is divisible by $$5$$.Thus $$q$$ and $$p$$ have a common factor $$5$$.There is a contradiction.Therefore, $$p$$ and $$q$$ are not co-prime.Hence, $$\sqrt{5}$$ is irrational.Mathematics

Suggest Corrections  0  Similar questions
View More  People also searched for
View More 