Provide details of the events leading up to the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union.
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The answer should have 5-8 points.
Focus on the violence unleashed by the Razaks.
Mention the counterattack by the leaders revolting against the Nizam.
The following actions were taken during the struggle against the Nizam:
The freedom struggle for Hyderabad was led by Swami Ramananda Tirtha and Hardikar Manjappa. Ramananda Tirtha went across the Hyderabad state and organised satyagraha movements.
Popularly known as Gandhi of Karnataka, Manjappa spread awareness about khadi, prohibition and elimination of untouchability.
The singing of Vande Matram was banned by the government. Ramachandra Rao defied the order and started a struggle known as the Vande Matram Movement. The government imprisoned thousands of people for singing Vande Matram.
The Congress party’s demand to merge Hyderabad state into the Indian Union resulted in a ban on the party in Hyderabad.
The Razaks, a part of the Nizam’s forces, began plundering and killing the people. Even then, the cries of Vande Matram continued.
Hundreds of thousands of people left Hyderabad due to the violence unleashed by the Razaks and took shelter in neighbouring Indian Union territories.
Counterattack by the people and merger with India:
Sharanagowda Inamdar, a young leader, launched a counter attack on the Razaks.
He organised the youth in the region. These people conducted lighting attacks and freed villages from the clutches of the Razaks.
Camps were built on the borders of Hyderabad which facilitated the armed struggle of the youth against the Razaks.
When India attained independence, Hyderabad had rejected the proposal to join it.
On 17 September, 1948, Indian Army units were ordered to go into Hyderabad by Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel, the Home Minister of India.
The Nizam had to surrender and Hyderabad became a part of India.