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Q. In the context of the “Right to Freedom”, consider the following statements.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?



A

1 and 2 only
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B

2 only
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C

2 and 3 only
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D

1, 2 and 3
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Solution

The correct option is A
2 only

Explanation:

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution guarantees to all citizens the following six rights. 

(i) Right to freedom of speech and expression.

(ii) Right to assemble peaceably and without arms.

(iii) Right to form associations or unions or co-operative societies.

(iv) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.

(v) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.

(vi) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

This right is not available for the Foreigners.

Statement 1 is incorrect. 

Right to Assemble provides that,

Every citizen has the right to assemble peaceably and without arms. It includes the right to hold public meetings, demonstrations and take out processions. This freedom can be exercised only on public land and the assembly must be peaceful and unarmed. This provision does not protect violent, disorderly, riotous assemblies, or one that causes breach of public peace or one that involves arms. This right does not include the right to strike. The State can impose reasonable restrictions on the exercise of right of assembly on two grounds, namely, sovereignty and integrity of India and public order including the maintenance of traffic in the area concerned.

Statement 2 is correct.

The Freedom of Movement entails every citizen to move freely throughout the territory of the country. He can move freely from one state to another or from one place to another within a state. 

The grounds of imposing reasonable restrictions on this freedom are two, namely, the interests of the general public and the protection of interests of any scheduled tribe. 

The entry of outsiders in tribal areas is restricted to protect the distinctive culture, language, customs and manners of scheduled tribes and to safeguard their traditional vocation and properties against exploitation.every citizen to move freely throughout the territory of the country. 

Statement 3 is incorrect.

It is the Right Against Exploitation (Article 23) which provides for the prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour. This right is available to both citizens and non-citizens. It protects the individual not only against the State but also against private persons.


Polity

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