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Q. Indian Constitution provides special provision for some of the Indian states for which of the following reasons?
  1. To protect cultural values of the tribes in the states.
  2. To allocate more seats to the states in the Rajya Sabha
  3. To deal with varied law and order conditions in the disturbed parts of the states.
Select the correct answer using the code given below

  1. 1 and 2 only

  2. 1, 2 and 3

  3. 2 and 3 only

  4. 1 and 3 only


Solution

The correct option is D
1 and 3 only
Explanation:

Part XXI of the Indian Constitution contains special provisions to some of the states in India as compared to the rest of India.
The intention behind such provisions are as follows:
  1. To meet the aspirations of the people of backward regions of the states 
  2. To protect the cultural and economic interests of the tribal people of the states
  3. To deal with the disturbed law and order condition in some parts of the states 
  4. To protect the interests of the local people of the states.
There will be no special allocation of seats to these states in the Rajya Sabha. The seats in the upper house are allocated based on the population figures.

More Information:
The articles and respective states are given below.
  1. Article - 371        -  Maharashtra and Gujarat
  2. Article - 371 - A  -  Nagalamd
  3. Article - 371 - B  -  Assam
  4. Article - 371 - C  -  Manipur
  5. Article - 371 - D  -  Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
  6. Article - 371 - E  -  Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh
  7. Article - 371 - F  -  Sikkim
  8. Article - 371 - G  -  Mizoram
  9. Article - 371 - H  -  Arunachal Pradesh
  10. Article - 371 - I   -  Goa
  11. Article - 371 - J  -   Karnataka

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