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Q. With reference to Lord Wellesley methods to achieve his political aims, which of the following statements is correct?  Select the correct answer using the code given below:


A

1 and 2 only
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B

1 , 2 and 4 only
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C

1 and 3 only
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D

1 , 2 and 4 only
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Solution

The correct option is C
1 and 2 only
Explanation:

Statements 1 and 2 are correct: To achieve his political aims Wellesley relied on three methods: the system of Subsidiary Alliances, outright wars, and assumption of the territories of previously subordinate rulers. While the practice of helping an Indian ruler with a paid British force was quite old, it was given a definite shape by Wellesley who used it to subordinate the Indian States to the paramount authority of the Company. Under his Subsidiary Alliance system, the ruler of the allying Indian State was compelled to accept the permanent stationing of a British force within his territory and to pay a subsidy for its maintenance.

Statements 3 and 4 are incorrect: Doctrine of Maladministration and Doctrine of Lapse were adopted by Lord Dalhousie.

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