Q. With reference to People’s initiatives during the Non-Cooperation Movement, which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Explanation: People’s initiatives during the Non-Cooperation Movement: In many cases, people resisted British rule non-violently. In others, different classes and groups, interpreting Gandhiji’s call in their own manner, protested in ways that were not in accordance with his ideas. In either case, people linked their movements to local grievances.
Statement 1 is correct: The Non-cooperation movement influenced the tea plantation workers in Assam. Such workers were long time victims of exploitation by European planters, racial hatred and economic penury. Non-cooperation movement and national leadership of Gandhiji, emboldened the workers to ask for redressal of their grievances through NCM protests. Chargola and Longai valley of Karimganj subdivision were the major hubs of these protests.
Statement 2 is correct: Coastal Andhra and interior Tamil Nadu, liquor shops were picketed. In the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, poor peasants staged a number of “forest satyagrahas', sometimes sending their cattle into forests without paying grazing fee. They were protesting because the colonial state had restricted their use of forest resources in various ways. They believed that Gandhiji would get their taxes reduced and have the forest regulations abolished. In many forest villages, peasants proclaimed swaraj and believed that “Gandhi Raj'' was about to be established.