Q. With reference to Separate electorates, consider the following statements: Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
The correct option is D
Statement 1 is incorrect: Some scholars see Partition as a culmination of a communal politics that started developing in the opening decades of the twentieth century. They suggest that separate electorates for Muslims, created by the colonial government in 1909 (Morley-Minto Reform) and expanded in 1919, crucially shaped the nature of communal politics.
Statement 2 is correct: The Nehru Report of 10 August 1928 was a memorandum to appeal for a new dominion status and a federal set-up of government for the constitution of India. It also proposed for the Joint Electorates with reservation of seats for minorities in the legislatures and rejected separate electorates for Muslims. A committee of the All Parties Conference carried by Motilal Nehru with his son Jawaharlal Nehru acting as a secretary prepared this report.