National Emblem: The abacus and the animal part of the Sarnath pillar forms the official national emblem of India. In the abacus of the Sarnath pillar, four animals are shown representing four directions- a galloping horse (west), a bull (east), an elephant (south) and a lion (north). The animals seem to follow each other turning the wheel of existence till eternity.
The Elephant depicts the dream of Queen Maya, a white elephant entering her womb. The Bull depicts the zodiac sign of Taurus, the month in which Buddha was born. The horse represents the horse Kanthaka, which Buddha is said to have used for going away from princely life. The Lion shows the attainment of enlightenment.
In the National Emblem of India, the words Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upainshad, meaning “Truth Alone Triumphs’, are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script. The Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharama Chakra).
The lions symbolize Buddha spreading Dhamma in all directions. It was built in the commemoration of the first sermon by Buddha or the Dhammachakraparivartana.