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Q71. With reference to Barabar caves, consider the following statements:
1. They were built during the reign of Ashoka.
2 They were dedicated to ajivikas.
Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?
  1. (b) Only 2
  2. (c) Both 1 and 2
  3. (a) Only 1
  4. (d) None of the above


Solution

The correct option is B (c) Both 1 and 2

The Barabar Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Jahanabad district, Bihar.
These rock-cut chambers date back to the 3rd century BC, Maurya period, of Ashoka (r. 273-232 BCE) and his son Dasaratha Maurya.

Though Buddhists themselves, they allowed various Jain sects to flourish under a policy of religious tolerance. The caves were used by ascetics from the Ajivika sect

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