Q97. Consider the following statement about Kushans
1. The Kushans were the first rulers in India to issue gold coins on a wide scale.
2. The Kushans controlled the Silk Route.
3. However, the Kushans failed to promote agriculture.
The correct option is A (a) Only 1 and 2
The coming of the Central Asian people established intimate contacts between Central Asia and India. As a result, India received a good deal of gold from the Altai Mountains in Central Asia. Gold also may have been received by it through trade with the Roman Empire. The Kushans controlled the Silk Route. The route was a source of great income to them and they built large prosperous empire because of the tolls levied from the traders. It is significant that the Kushans were the first rulers in India to issue gold coins on a wide scale. However, they also promoted agriculture. The early archeological traces of large scale irrigation in Pakistan, Afghanistan and western Central Asia belong to the Kushan period