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Question

Red soil covers almost whole of ______.


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Solution

Red Soil

  1. India's third largest soil group is red soil covering north, west and east regions that almost covers an area of 10.6 % of India's total land.
  2. Formation of Red Soil: Decomposition of ancient crystalline rocks such as granite and gneisses when decomposed leads to the formation of red soil. The percentage of red soil in India is 28%.
  3. Chemical Properties of Red Soil: Iron and magnesium are rich in red soil and phosphoric acid, lime, hummus, and nitrogen are deficient.
  4. Nature of Red Soil: This soil is red , porous and has a light texture and the clay fraction of this soil contains Kaolinitic mineral.
  5. Distribution of Red Soil: Southern states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Eastern parts of Deccan plateau, Chota Nagpur plateau (Jharkhand).
  6. Crops grown in Red Soil: Cotton, Wheat, Rice, Sugarcane, and Pulses.

Final answer : Red soil covers almost whole of 10.6 percent of India’s total land area.


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