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Question

Regarding assertion and reason, which is the correct option
Assertion [A]: A breeder can dig into a germplasm to manipulate different combination of alleles in order to begin the process of creating a superior plant.
Reason [R]: The main objective of germplasm collection is preservation of genetic diversity of a particular plant or genetic stock for its use in  future.

 
  1. Both A and R are true but R does not explain A
  2. Both A and R are false
  3. Both A and R are true and R explains A
  4. A is true and R is false


Solution

The correct option is C Both A and R are true and R explains A
Collection of variability forms the basis of any breeding program.  Variability denotes all the diverse characters or traits that are seen in a particular plant species. All the possible alleles of a plant species are collected in the form of seeds, tissues, pollen or any plant material and a germplasm is created. This germplasm is then used by the breeders to create new and superior varieties.

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