Question

# 'Statistics are figures, but all figures are not statistics'. Justify the statement.

Solution

## Statistics is often regarded as being a means by which observations are expressed numerically in order to investigate causal relations or associations. Things that can be counted, totalled, divided and subdivided analysed and compared, score as a quantitative measure of assessment. Thus, any facts, to be called statistics must be numerically expressed and should be placed in relation to each other. Qualitative data cannot be included in statistics unless they are quantified by assigning some figures for assessment. However, not all numbers are continuous and measurable. For example, the fact that marks of a student are 50 tells nothing unless it is comparable. Thus, for figures to be included in statistics, they must be aggregates of facts and not individual figures.

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