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Question

Tasmanian wolf is a marsupial while wolf is a placental mammal. This shows
  1. Convergent evolution 
  2. Divergent evolution 
  3. Parallelism 
  4. Inheritance of acquired characters


Solution

The correct option is A Convergent evolution 
The Tasmanian wolf and wolf have different modes of reproduction, yet within each group individual species that occupy similar niches have evolved similarities in overall shape, locomotion, and feeding habits. The skulls of a Tasmanian wolf and the placental grey wolf are very similar.

Marsupial and placental mammals diverged from a common ancestor more than 100 million years ago, and have evolved independently ever since.
This widespread evolutionary phenomenon is known as convergent evolution is the process whereby organisms not closely related (not monophyletic),independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches.

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