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Question

The bonds in a water molecule are .
  1. non-polar covalent 
  2. ionic 
  3. polar covalent 
  4. metallic 


Solution

The correct option is C polar covalent 
In a polar covalent bond the electrons are unequally shared between two participating atoms.
In case of water, oxygen being more electronegative than hydrogen pulls the shared pair of electrons slightly more towards itself. As a result, it gains partial negative charge while hydrogen gains partial positive charge. This makes the covalent bond polar (partially ionic).

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