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Question

The difference between an embryo and a seed is: 
  1. Seed is an ovule after fertilization and the embryo is the future plant 
  2. Seed is a future plant and embryo is the endosperm
  3. Seed is within the embryo which has the future plant 
  4. Seed and embryo are the future plants 


Solution

The correct option is A Seed is an ovule after fertilization and the embryo is the future plant 
A fertilized ovule develops into a seed. Seed has the embryo within it which contains a plumule and radicle. Embryo is formed from the zygote which is formed when the egg is fertilized by the male gamete. Plumule and the radicle develops into a shoot and the root, respectively. The embryo remains in a dormant state or an inactive state within the seed, until it is exposed to favourable conditions. Under favourable conditions, the embryo becomes active and the seed germinates. 

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