The humanists of the Renaissance differed from the traditional medieval philosophers in the 'humanists _________.
Interest in the spiritual life of people
Lack of interest in ancient Greek and Roman culture
Rejection of Christian principles
Emphasis on the importance of the individual
The correct option is D Emphasis on the importance of the individual
The fine arts, literature and history in the Medieval period were centred on religious ideology. The texts were invariably written in Greek andLatin as these languages were considered elite and scholarly. By the dawn of the 13th century, Latin and Greek gave way to regional languages like English, Spanish, and French. The writers of this period adopted the life of the common man as the central theme of their works. The literature of this period was no longer confined to religion and philosophy but gave way to themes that depicted diverse aspects of human life. Similar changes occurred in other art forms like painting and sculpture. This vision, primarily concerned with the various aspects of human life, is known as humanism.
The new spirit of humanism inspired unique thoughts on the universe and human life. It promoted reasoning and the spirit of enquiry. Consequently, a new awakening in all spheres of human life became visible in Europe and it is known as the Renaissance.