The era known as the 'Industrial Revolution' was a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacturing, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England. This period is appropriately labeled "revolution", for it thoroughly destroyed the old manner of doing things; yet the term is simultaneously inappropriate, for it connotes abrupt change. The changes that occurred during this period (1760-1850), in fact, occurred gradually. The year 1760 is generally accepted as the "eve" of the Industrial Revolution. In reality, this eve began more than two centuries before this date. The last 18th century and the early 19th century brought to fruition the ideas and discoveries of those who long passed on, such as Galileo, Bacon, Descartes and others.