The correct option is A For X, exchange energy is maximum and have more stability
The orbital of atom 'X' have half filled configuration which will be more stable than orbital of atom 'Y' and also due to symmetrical distribution of electrons in all degenerated orbitals in 'X' which makes the configuration stable
In the given diagram of 'X', all the orbitals are singly occupied. Thus the electrons position can be exchanged among all five orbitals and will have high stabilisation due to high exchange energy. In atom 'Y', only three orbitals have singly occupied electron with same spin so its exchange energy will be less than enrgy of atom 'X'.