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Question

The President of India has the power to declare an Emergency. In this time, the normal functioning of democratic machinery is suspended. With regard to this, identify which of the following are incorrectly matched?
  1. National Emergency: Declared in states due to internal violence
  2. Constitutional Emergency: Caused by war, external aggression, or internal disturbance
  3. Financial Emergency: Financial stability of the nation is at stake
  4. General Emergency: Suspends Article 20 and 21


Solution

The correct options are
A National Emergency: Declared in states due to internal violence
B Constitutional Emergency: Caused by war, external aggression, or internal disturbance
D General Emergency: Suspends Article 20 and 21
The President of India has the power to declare an ‘Emergency’. In this time, the normal functioning of democratic machinery is suspended. There are three kinds of emergencies:
  1. National or General emergency, which is caused by war or an external aggression or internal disturbance. Two fundamental rights remain untouched when this emergency is declared, that is, Article 20 and 21 of the Indian Constitution.
  2. Constitutional Emergency is declared when the President believes that a State is not being governed according to the Constitution.
  3. Financial Emergency happens if the financial stability of the nation is at stake.

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