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Question

The reaction, 3CIO(aq)CIO3(aq)+2Cl(aq) is an example of -

A
Oxidation reaction
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B
Reduction reaction
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C
Disproportionation reaction
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D
Decomposition reaction
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Solution

The correct option is C Disproportionation reaction
Decomposition reaction are those in which different element undergoes oxidation and reduction.
PCl5(s)PCl3(s)+Cl2(g)

Disproportionation reaction are those in which same species oxidized and reduced simultaneously.
3+1ClO(aq)+5ClO3(aq)+21Cl(aq)
Cl atom is oxidized (Cl+Cl5++4e) as well as Cl atom is reduced (Cl1++2eCl). Such reactions are called auto redox or disproportionation reactions.

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