The structural and functional unit of the nervous system is
Neurons are the structural and functional units of the nervous system. The nervous system is made up of billions of neurons. A neuron, also called a nerve cell, is a cell within the body that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. Neurons are the basic units of the nervous system and its most important part is the brain, where the information is processed. Every neuron is made of a cell body, also called a soma, dendrites and an axon.