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Question

The word ecosystem was coined by..........


Solution

  • An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment, interacting as a system. 
  • Energy enters the system through photosynthesis and is incorporated into plant tissue. 
  • By feeding on plants and on one-another, animals play an important role in the movement of matter and energy through the system. 
  • They also influence the quantity of plant and microbial biomass present.
  •  By breaking down dead organic matter, decomposers release carbon back to the atmosphere and facilitate nutrient cycling.
  • The term ecosystem was first used in 1935 in a publication by British ecologist Arthur Tansley.
So the correct option is 'Arthur Tansley'.

Biology

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