Two particles having charges q1 and q2 when kept at a certain distance, exert force F on each other. If distance is reduced to half, force between them becomes :
Answer is C.
Coulomb's law describes the magnitude of the electrostatic force between two electric charges. The Coulomb's law formula is given as follows.
The force between 2 charges q1 and q2 is given by the formula F=kq1×q2r2.
Where, q1: Charge of object 1
q2: Charge of object 2
r: Distance between the two objects
F: Force between the two objects. A positive force implies a repulsive interaction, while a negative force implies an attractive interaction
k: Coulomb Constant.
In this case, the distance between 2 charges is halved. So the new force becomes Fnew=kq1×q2(r2)2=4×k×q1×q2r2=4F.
Hence, the force between the charges becomes 4F.