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Question

Unemployment is a major problem in a country like India. Suggest various ways for generating employment opportunities both in rural and urban areas.


Solution

The various ways for generating employment opportunities both in rural and urban areas are as follows:
(i) Education and healthcare sector can create massive employment in urban as well as rural areas. Proper planning is required to strengthen these sectors.
(ii) Allied activities like horticulture, pisciculture should be promoted through financial assistance, awareness programmes which will create employment in rural areas. 
(iii) Promotion of small scale industries and self help groups (SHGs) will create scope of employment in urban areas.
(iv) Every region has potential for increasing the income and employment for people in that area by promoting tourism, regional craft of that area and by introducing new services like IT.
(v) Social safety net programmes like MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2006), JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission), etc. generate massive employment in rural and urban areas respectively.

Economics

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