Vascular cryptogams are
Pteridophytes are the first vascular land plants. These are called ‘vascular cryptograms’ due to the presence of vascular tissues (xylem and phloem).
Bryophytes are non - vascular land plants which grow in moist and shady places.
Algae are chlorophyllous thallophytes that lack vascular tissues. Angiosperms are vascular plants.