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Question

Vinnie, a person belonging to a minority community, wished to work at the government-run institute that had just been established in his hometown. However, he was told that he cannot be employed since other workers would be uncomfortable interacting with members of his community. 

If you were Vinnie's lawyer, on what grounds could you plead this case in the Supreme Court? Choose the most appropriate option.
  1. Violation of the right to life and liberty as enshrined in Article 21 
  2. Violation of the universal right to work as established in the UN Declaration of Human Rights
  3. Violation of the right to equality of opportunity as enshrined in Article 16 
  4. Violation of cultural and educational rights as enshrined in Article 30 


Solution

The correct option is C Violation of the right to equality of opportunity as enshrined in Article 16 
Under Article 16, equal opportunities will be provided to all citizens for employment in public offices. In simple words, there will be no discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them together. This is why Vinnie's case would be a violation of this provision. 

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