Fungi are eukaryotic organisms that include microorganisms such as yeasts, moulds and mushrooms. These organisms are classified under kingdom fungi.The organisms found in Kingdom fungi contain a cell wall and are omnipresent. They are classified as heterotrophs among the living organisms
- They are eukaryotic organisms.
- These organisms are heterotrophic.
- Fungi's cell walls are made up of chitin and carbohydrates.
- They thrive in warm, humid environments.
- Except for the yeast, all fungi are filamentous (unicellular).
- Fungi include mushrooms, yeasts, moulds, etc.
Structure of Fungi
The structure of fungi can be explained in the following points:
- Almost all the fungi have a filamentous structure, except the yeast cells.
- They can be either single-celled or multicellular organisms.
- Fungi consist of long thread-like structures known as hyphae. These hyphae together form a mesh-like structure called mycelium.
- Fungi possess a cell wall which is made up of chitin and polysaccharides.
- The cell wall comprises a protoplast, which is differentiated into other cell parts such as cell membrane, cytoplasm, cell organelles and nuclei.
- The nucleus is dense, clear, with chromatin threads. The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear membrane.
Yeast is used to making beer and bread. Penicillium is a source of the antibiotic penicillin.