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Question

What are the advantages and disadvantages of parallel and series circuit?


Solution

parallel connection:

Advandages: 1. Every unit that is connected in a parallel circuit gets equal amount of voltage.

2. It becomes easy to connect or disconnect a new element without affecting the working of other elements.

3. If any fault happened to the circuit, then also the current is able to pass through the circuit through different paths.

Disadvantages: 1. It requires the use of lot of wires.

2. We cannot increase or multiply the voltage in a parallel circuit.
3. Parallel connection fails at the time when it is required to pass exactly same amount of current through the units.

series connection:

Advantages: 1. Series circuits do not overheat easily. This makes them very useful in the case of something that might be around a potentially flammable source, like dry plants or cloth.

2. Series circuits are easy to learn and to make. Their simple design is easy to understand, and this means that it’s simple to conduct repairs .

3. we can add more power devices, they have a higher output in terms of voltage .

4. The current that flows in a series circuit has to flow through every component in the circuit. Therefore, all of the components in a series connection carry the same current.

Disadvantages: 1.If one point breaks in the series circuit,the total circuit will break.

2. As the number of components in a circuit increases ,greater will be the circuit resistance.

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