What are the reasons for the pollution of rivers? How can it be prevented?
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Discuss what river pollution is.
List out the reasons for river pollution.
List the preventive measures taken to protect the water resources.
Water/ River pollution occurs when harmful substances—often chemicals or microorganisms—contaminate the water resources like a stream, river, lake, ocean, aquifer, or other body of water, degrading water quality and rendering it toxic to humans or the environment.
Reasons for River Pollution:
Inadequate sewage and wastewater collection and treatment are sources of water pollution.
Industries produce a lot of waste containing toxic chemicals and pollutants. A vast amount of industrial waste is drained into the freshwater, which then flows into canals and rivers.
Every day, garbage such as plastic, paper, aluminium, food, glass, or rubber is deposited into the river. These items take weeks to hundreds of years to decompose; thus, they are a significant cause of water pollution.
River Pollution: Preventive Measures
Wastewater treatment consists of removing pollutants from wastewater through a physical, chemical, or biological process. The more efficient these processes are, the cleaner the water becomes.
80% of plastic in our oceans is from land sources. To reduce the amount of plastic entering our ocean, we need to reduce our use globally and improve plastic waste management.
Implementation of Water Purification Projects – The projects help increase access to clean, affordable water and improve overall community health, which has positive social implications.
Strict rules by the government to safeguard the water resources in the country play an important role in preventing water pollution.