Apomixis is the mechanism of seed production without fertilization. It is a kind of asexual reproduction which mimics sexual reproduction, where the female gametophyte or the ovule in the flower directly develops into an embryo skipping meiosis and syngamy. Thus apomixis produces a clonal progeny with a maternal genotype.
Apomixis is of high importance as;
It produces seed progeny which are exactly the same as the mother plant. Thus apomixis helps in the preservation of good characters over generations for crop plants.
It helps in the production of hybrid seeds with a combination of desirable characters. It also prevents the loss of specific characters from a hybrid.
It helps in the cost-effective and time-efficient production of seeds.