What is Migration? Write down the cause for migration with examples


The movement of organisms in large numbers from one place to another place is termed as migration. There are many reasons for migration. The term migration is mainly used to define regular and periodic movements of population away from or back to their place of origin

Causes of migration 
  • Environmental – Better climate, calamities, and natural disasters are examples of environmental causes or reasons.
  • Economic – Moving to find work or moving to follow a particular career path is an example of economic cause or reason.
  • Cultural – Religious freedom and education is an example of cultural cause or reason.
  • Political – Civil war or escaping from political persecution is an example of political cause or reason.
  • Social – Moving for a better quality of life or moving closer to a family member or friend is an example of a social cause or reason.
Factors of Migration

At this point, we categorize the above causes or reasons for migration into 2 factors:

  • Push Factors – These are reasons for leaving a place, which is called emigrating, because of certain difficulties like food shortage, war, flood, calamities, etc.
  • Pull Factors – These are reasons for moving into a place, which is called immigrating, because of an aspiration, dream, or something desirable like abundance in food supply, a better climate, more freedom, etc.


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