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Question

What is sucrose? Write short notes on it.


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Solution

Sucrose

  • Sucrose is a two-part disaccharide generated by joining the monosaccharide sugars glucose and fructose.
  • Sucrose has the chemical formula C12H22O11.
  • Sucrose is the sugar that is commonly referred to as table sugar.
  • All photosynthetic plants contain sucrose.
  • An industrial procedure is used to extract it from sugarcane and sugar beets.

Structure of sucrose:

Properties of sucrose

  • Sucrose's crystal structure is monoclinic.
  • Sucrose may be converted to carbon dioxide and water in a combustion event.
  • When sucrose is treated with chloric acid, it forms hydrochloric acid, carbon dioxide, and water.
  • During hydrolysis, the glycoside bond between the two carbohydrates in a sucrose molecule is broken, resulting in glucose and fructose.

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