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Question

What is the chemical name of ionic compound MgCl2?


  1. Magnesium Chloride

  2. Chloride magnesium

  3. Magnesium chlorine

  4. Chlorine magnesium


Solution

The correct option is A

Magnesium Chloride


Ionic compound have a rule of naming -

1. The cation is named at first followed by anion.

2. An anion is added with suffix.

The monatomic anions are named by adding "-ide" to the root of the name of the nonmetal that forms the anion. Chlorine forms a monoatomic anion during the formation of MgCl2. The anion part is obtained by adding "-ide" to chlorine(non-metal) gives the name of "chloride" whereas the cation part is simply the name of the metal i.e,, Magnesium.

Hence, the chemical name of MgCl2 is Magnesium chloride.

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