“Hybridization is defined as the process of intermixing of the orbitals of slightly different energies so as to redistribute their energies, resulting in the formation of a new set of orbitals of equivalent energies and shape.”
Step 2: Formula used for calculation:
Where V is the number of valence electrons, M is the monovalent electron, C is the positive charge and A represents the negative charge.
Step 3: Calculation for Hybridisation of :
The total number of valence electrons of chlorine in is 7 and there are 5 monovalent atoms.
The Steric number is 6, thus the hybridization of is .
Step 4: Shape of:
As per VSEPR, the shape for hybridization is square pyramidal with asymmetric charge distribution around the central atom.