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Question

What will happen to a cell (plant cell or animal cell) when placed in the following solutions: [3 MARKS]
(a) Hypotonic solution
(b) Isotonic solution 
(c) Hypertonic solution


Solution

Explanation: 1 Mark each

(a) Hypotonic Solution: External solution is dilute i.e. high water concentration (low solute concentration). In this case water will rush into the cell and it will gain water.

(b) Isotonic Solution: External solution concentration is same as internal solution concentration of the cell. In this case, there is no net movement of water.

(c) Hypertonic Solution: External solution is of high solute concentration i.e. low water concentration. Here water will rush out from cell and it will shrivel/shrink.

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