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Question

Which of the following are evidences of evolution?
  1. Fossils
  2. Homologous organs
  3. Analogous organs
  4. Paintings


Solution

The correct options are
A Fossils
B Homologous organs
Evidences of evolution include fossils and homologous organs. Homologous organs can modify themselves in the course of time to perform different functions. Homologous organs prove the existence of common ancestors. Fossils provide material evidence for evolution. The examination of dead remains of ancient organisms helps us to understand the course that evolution took. For example, Archeopteryx is a fossil which shows the connection between birds and reptiles. It also provides the evidence that birds have evolved from reptiles.
Analogous organs do not provide any evidence for common ancestry and so are not evidences for evolution.

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