The correct option is D The ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism but placed limits on their direct political power.
In the first paragraph it is given that, ‘this ideology of female benevolence empowered women in the realm of social activism, enabling them to escape the confines of their traditional domestic spheres’. This shows that, the viewpoint of female domesticity had ideological elements that helped some women shun contemporary roles. In the last paragraph it is also given that, the ideology prevented women refused to move for true political power. Hence combining these two ideas we can select option (d) as the answer.