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Question

Which of the following correctly represents the lung conditions in asthma and emphysema, respectively?
  1. Increased respiratory surface; Inflammation of the bronchioles
  2. Increased number of bronchioles; Increased respiratory surface
  3. Inflammation of bronchioles; Decreased respiratory surface 
  4. Decreased respiratory surface; Inflammtion of bronchioles 


Solution

The correct option is C Inflammation of bronchioles; Decreased respiratory surface 
Asthma is a disease in which inflammation of the airways (bronchioles) causes airflow into and out of the lungs to be restricted. 
Emphysema is a lung condition that causes shortness of breath. In people with emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) are damaged. This reduces the surface area of the lungs and, in turn, the amount of oxygen that reaches your bloodstream.

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