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Question

Which of the following methods can be used to obtain a definitive diagnosis of type I insulin–dependent diabetes?


  1. Testing for elevated blood sugar concentration.

  2. Screening individuals for obesity.

  3. Detecting the presence of islet cell antibodies.

  4. Performing an insulin receptor count.


Solution

The correct option is C

Detecting the presence of islet cell antibodies.


The beta cells of islet of langerhans produce Insulin which helps in controlling the blood sugar levels. In type I Diabetes. body's immune system attack and destroy the beta cells. Hence antibodies against the beta cells are present in the Islets. Thus, detecting the presence of these antibodies can be a definitive diagnosis of type I insulin dependent diabetes.
 

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