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Question

Which of the following plants have half inferior ovary?


Your Answer
A
Mustard
Correct Answer
B
Rose
Your Answer
C
Cucumber
Your Answer
D
China rose

Solution

The correct option is B Rose
The flowers of plants are classified into hypogynous, perigynous and epigynous based on the position of calyx, corolla and androecium in respect of the ovary on the thalamus.

If gynoecium is situated in the centre and other parts of the flower are located on the rim of the thalamus almost at the same level, it is called perigynous. The ovary here is said to be half inferior, e.g., plum, rose, peach.

In the hypogynous flower, the gynoecium occupies the highest position while the other parts are situated below it. The ovary in such flowers is said to be superior, e.g., mustard, china rose and brinjal.

In epigynous flowers, the margin of thalamus grows upward enclosing the ovary completely and getting fused with it, the other parts of flower arise above the ovary. Hence, the ovary is said to be inferior as in flowers of guava and cucumber, and the ray florets of sunflower.
 

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