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Question

Which of the following statements about natural selection is false?
  1. Natural selection is a natural force like environmental conditions.
  2. Evolution is a mechanism that drives natural selection.
  3. Traits that improve an organism’s chance of surviving and reproducing tend to get passed on.
  4. The effects of natural selection are visible only in populations.


Solution

The correct option is B Evolution is a mechanism that drives natural selection.
According to Darwin’s theory of natural selection, when populations of organisms are subjected to the environment, the fittest creatures are more likely to survive and thus, pass on their genes to their offspring, producing a population that is better adapted to the environment. Thus, natural selection is a phenomenon that drives evolution and not the other way round.

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